Category: Swing music

When you mentioned the word Jazz to the average person, they probably think of Swing music, and for good reason. It was mostly performed by Big Bands, which were large orchestras divided into trumpets, saxophones, trombones, and a rhythm section which consisted of the drums, bass, guitar and piano. And they played dance music.

Above all else, Swing music is dance music — which means it was:. Swing is sandwiched between two huge historical events. So the Swing Era was during the Depression — and it acted as a kind of counter-statement or rebellion against the unemployment and misery that the Depression caused. It served to distract people from the daily grind of reality. Swing grew out of New Orleans Jazz and the evolved into Bebop. So lets quickly take a look at all three genres:.

What Is Swing Music?

Another interesting and important development happened with Swing improvisation. The embellishments gradually became more adventurous, but they were generally always played with the melody in mind. Then, during the Swing Era, the sax player Coleman Hawkins changed the way jazz approached improvisation from melody to harmony horizontal to vertical.

This approach was then further expanded upon by Bebop, which largely abandoned the original melody of the song to create brand new melodies based on an established chord progression — this was known as a contrafact.

In the early years of Jazz, and up until the Swing Era, the piano was still very much rooted in the rhythm section of the band. So generally the pianist played very rhythmically, and helped keep the beat. Some of the Piano techniques employed during the Swing Era were:. KC Jazz is characterised by:. This also contributed to the loose and spontaneous feel of KC Jazz. KC Jazz marked the transition from the heavily structured, arranged and written out Big Band style of Swing to the more fluid and improvisation style of Bebop.

Skip to content Introduction When you mentioned the word Jazz to the average person, they probably think of Swing music, and for good reason. Above all else, Swing music is dance music — which means it was: Simple; Had clear melodies; and A strong beat.

This also meant it was incredibly commercial.

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And because of this, Swing had a greater emphasis on written-out composition and arrangements.Swing musicor simply swingis a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the s and s. The name swing came from the 'swing feel' where the emphasis is on the off—beat or weaker pulse in the music. Swing bands usually featured soloists who would improvise on the melody over the arrangement. The danceable swing style of big bands and bandleaders such as Benny Goodman was the dominant form of American popular music from toa period known as the swing era.

The verb "to swing" is also used as a term of praise for playing that has a strong groove or drive.

swing music

Swing has roots in the s as larger dance music ensembles began using new styles of written arrangements incorporating rhythmic innovations pioneered by Louis Armstrong and Earl Hines. A typical song played in swing style would feature a strong, anchoring rhythm section in support of more loosely tied wind and brass. The most common style consisted of theme choruses and choruses with improvised solos within the framework of his bandmates playing support.

Swing music began to decline in popularity during World War II because of several factors. Swing influenced the later styles of traditional pop music, jump bluesand bebop jazz. Swing music saw a revival in the late s and s with the resurgent Count Basie and Duke Ellington orchestras, and with pop vocalists such as Frank Sinatra and Nat King Cole. Swing blended with other genres to create new music styles. In country musicartists such as Jimmie Rodgers, Moon Mullican and Bob Wills introduced many elements of swing along with blues to create a genre called western swing.

Gypsy swing is an outgrowth of Venuti and Lang's jazz violin swing. Swing revivals have occurred periodically from the late s to the s. In the lates into the early s a trendier, more urban -styled swing-beat emerged called new jack swingspearheaded by Teddy Riley. Swing music facts for kids Kids Encyclopedia Facts. Swing Benny Goodmanone of the first swing bandleaders to achieve widespread fame.

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Cite this article:. This page was last modified on 11 Marchat Benny Goodmanone of the first swing bandleaders to achieve widespread fame. New jack swing traditional pop.Swing musicor simply swingis a form of popular jazz music developed in the United States that dominated in the s and s. The name swing came from the 'swing feel' where the emphasis is on the off—beat or weaker pulse in the music.

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Swing bands usually featured soloists who would improvise on the melody over the arrangement. The danceable swing style of big bands and bandleaders such as Benny Goodman was the dominant form of American popular music from toa period known as the swing era.

The verb "to swing " is also used as a term of praise for playing that has a strong groove or drive. Swing has roots in the s as larger dance music ensembles began using new styles of written arrangements incorporating rhythmic innovations pioneered by Louis Armstrong and Earl Hines.

A typical song played in swing style would feature a strong, anchoring rhythm section in support of more loosely tied wind and brass. The most common style consisted of theme choruses and choruses with improvised solos within the framework of his bandmates playing support. Swing music began to decline in popularity during World War II because of several factors. Swing influenced the later styles of traditional pop musicjump bluesand bebop jazz.

Swing music saw a revival in the late s and s with the resurgent Count Basie and Duke Ellington orchestras, and with pop vocalists such as Frank Sinatra and Nat King Cole. Swing blended with other genres to create new music styles. In country musicartists such as Jimmie RodgersMoon Mullican and Bob Wills introduced many elements of swing along with blues to create a genre called western swing. Gypsy swing is an outgrowth of Venuti and Lang's jazz violin swing.

Swing revivals have occurred periodically from the late s to the s. In the lates into the early s a trendier, more urban -styled swing-beat emerged called new jack swingspearheaded by Teddy Riley. Developments in dance orchestra and jazz music during the s both contributed to the development of the s swing style. Starting inthe Fletcher Henderson Orchestra featured innovative arrangements by Don Redman that featured call-response interplay between brass and reed sections, and interludes arranged to back up soloists.

The arrangements also had a smoother rhythmic sense than the ragtime-influenced arrangements that were the more typical "hot" dance music of the day. The Henderson band also featured Coleman HawkinsBenny Carterand Buster Bailey as soloists, who all were influential in the development of swing era instrumental styles.

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During the Henderson band's extended residency at the Roseland Ballroom in New York, it became influential on other big bands. Duke Ellington credited the Henderson band with being an early influence when he was developing the sound for his own band. Traditional New Orleans style jazz was based on a two- beat meter and contrapuntal improvisation led by a trumpet or cornet, typically followed by a clarinet and trombone in a call-response pattern.

The rhythm section consisted of a sousaphone and drums, and sometimes a banjo. By the early s guitars and pianos sometimes substituted for the banjo and a string bass sometimes substituted for the sousaphone. The Chicago style released the soloist from the constraints of contrapuntal improvisation with other front-line instruments, lending greater freedom in creating melodic lines. In Armstrong worked with pianist Earl Hineswho had a similar impact on his instrument as Armstrong had on trumpet.

Hines' melodic, horn-like conception of playing deviated from the contemporary conventions in jazz piano centered on building rhythmic patterns around "pivot notes. His approach to rhythm often used accents on the lead-in instead of the main beat, and mixed meters, to build a sense of anticipation to the rhythm and make his playing swing.

He also used "stops" or musical silences to build tension in his phrasing.For one thing, it refers to a particular lilting rhythmic style that is based on a triplet subdivision of the beat. This propulsive effect was introduced by stride pianists in the s and has been a common feature of jazz through the decades. However, swing also refers to the style of jazz that was popular from roughly until around World War II.

Swing music was mostly performed by big bands and reached broad audiences over the radio, on records, and in dance halls nationwide. Before the s, small ensembles, usually consisting of a trumpettrombone, clarinet, tuba or bass, banjo or piano, and drums, performed jazz.

Each instrument had a specific role in the ensemble, and aside from the melody, parts were often improvised.

This sectionalized approach carried over into the big bands of swing music. But instead of a small ensemble, swing music featured a section of three or four trumpeters, three or four trombonist, five saxophonists who often doubled on clarinets, a piano, a bassist instead of a tuba player, a guitarist, and a drummer. Improvisation also had a featured role, and soloists would play while the rest of the band, aside from the rhythm sectiondropped out or played arranged background lines.

The Great Depression caused Americans to suffer, and dancing to swing music was a way for people to forget their worries. Michael Verity. Michael Verity is a jazz musician, writer, and photographer and a regular contributor many music industry niche sites. Updated March 27, Count Basie : Regarded as one of the finest bandleaders in jazz, Count Basie led his orchestra for almost 50 years.

His band was known for playing simple, often bluesy arrangements where the focus was on the easy rhythmic feel, an aspect of swing that bands of the area strove to achieve. He also led his own successful big band into the s, years after the heyday of swing.

His style of guitar playing was noted for its harmonic precision and the way it interlocked with the drums.AllMusic relies heavily on JavaScript. Please enable JavaScript in your browser to use the site fully. Blues Classical Country. Electronic Folk International. Jazz Latin New Age. Aggressive Bittersweet Druggy. Energetic Happy Hypnotic. Romantic Sad Sentimental. Sexy Trippy All Moods. Drinking Hanging Out In Love.

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Big Band Swing Music - Instrumental & Vocal Best Of, the best Big Bands of the Swing Era

Streams Videos All Posts. Genre Jazz. Styles Swing. Track Listing - Disc 1. Sing, Sing, Sing. Mack the Knife. Louis Armstrong. Strings of Pearls. Glenn Miller Band. Sentimental Journey. Les Brown Band. Billie Holiday. Django Reinhardt.Swingin musicboth the rhythmic impetus of jazz music and a specific jazz idiom prominent between about and the mids—years sometimes called the swing era.

Swing rhythms defy any narrower definition, and the music has never been notated exactly. Swing is sometimes considered a partial dilution of the jazz tradition because it organized musicians into larger groups commonly 12 to 16 players and required them to play a far higher proportion of written music than had been thought compatible with the fundamentally improvisatory character of jazz. Nevertheless, it was the first jazz idiom that proved commercially successful.

The swing era also brought respectability to jazz, moving into the ballrooms of America a music that until that time had been associated with the brothels of New Orleans and the Prohibition-era gin mills of Chicago.

The big swing bands organized their players into sections of brass, reeds, and rhythm and hired skilled orchestrators to write music for them. This structure encouraged a relatively simple compositional technique: sections were played off against each other, sometimes in counterpoint, sometimes in musical dialogue.

swing music

Henderson and his brother Horace remained among the most influential swing arrangers of the following decade. Equally as important was Duke Ellingtonwhose music was infused with a unique range of harmonies and sound colours. The swing era was in many ways an exercise in public relations. To succeed on a national scale, a band—especially its leader—had to be commercially exploitable; in this period of U. Although several black orchestras—e. Concurrent with the big-band craze came a flowering of the solo art among both small-group musicians, such as pianists Fats Waller and Art Tatum and guitarist Django Reinhardtand big-band players with after-hours careers.

Swing music

The swing era was the last great flowering of jazz before its period of harmonic experimentation. At its best, swing achieved an art of improvisation in which current harmonic conventions counterbalanced the stylistic individuality of its great creators.

The swing era also coincided with the greatest popularity of dance bands in general.

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But when singers who began as swing stylists, such as Frank SinatraNat King ColePeggy Leeand Sarah Vaughanbecame more popular than the swing bands they sang with, the swing era came to an end. The harmonic experimentation of the late swing era, evident in, for example, the Woody Herman and Charlie Barnet bands of the early s, presaged the next development in jazz: bop, or bebop.

Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Swing music. See Article History.The best swing songs are classic tunes that inspire listeners to dance the night away.

This swing songs list includes some of the most iconic songs in American popular music history, performed by equally iconic artists ranging from the Glenn Miller Band to Duke Ellington to The Andrews Sisters. The soulful, jazzy music of swing came to prominence in the mids, ushering in a style of music known for its carefree, upbeat tunes. Large orchestras were assembled to perform swing music, and while technically it can be considered jazz, there is much less improvisation going on.

Take a listen to these top swing songs, and enjoy the videos. Get up, cut a rug, and then come back and vote for all your favorite songs! Take the "A" Train Duke Ellington. Mack the Knife Louis Armstrong. Summertime Billie Holiday. The Jumpin' Jive Cab Calloway.

Ain't Misbehavin' Fats Waller.

swing music

Skyliner Charlie Barnet. Woodchopper's Ball Woody Herman Orchestra. Flying Home Lionel Hampton. Perdido Duke Ellington. Sentimental Journey Frank Sinatra.

Main Stem Duke Ellington. Satin Doll Duke Ellington. Search for an item here and add it to the list! Hey There! Please only add items that are relevant to this list topic.


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